BOOK II



Index

ARGUMENT.

CHAPTER 1. SIGNS, THEIR NATURE AND VARIETY.

CHAPTER 2. OF THE KIND OF SIGNS WE ARE NOW CONCERNED WITH.

CHAPTER 3. AMONG SIGNS, WORDS HOLD THE CHIEF PLACE.

CHAPTER 4. ORIGIN OF WRITING.

CHAPTER 5. SCRIPTURE TRANSLATED INTO VARIOUS LANGUAGES.

CHAPTER 6. USE OF THE OBSCURITIES IN SCRIPTURE WHICH ARISE FROM ITS FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE.

CHAPTER 7. STEPS TO WISDOM: FIRST, FEAR; SECOND, PIETY; THIRD, KNOWLEDGE; FOURTH, RESOLUTION; FIFTH, COUNSEL; SIXTH, PURIFICATION OF HEART; SEVENTH, STOP OR TERMINATION, WISDOM.

CHAPTER 8. THE CANONICAL BOOKS.

CHAPTER 9. HOW WE SHOULD PROCEED IN STUDYING SCRIPTURE.

CHAPTER 10. UNKNOWN OR AMBIGUOUS SIGNS PREVENT SCRIPTURE fROM BEING UNDERSTOOD.

CHAPTER 11. KNOWLEDGE OF LANGUAGES, ESPECIALLY OF GREEK AND HEBREW, NECESSARY TO REMOVE IGNORANCE or SIGNS.

CHAPTER 12. A DIVERSITY OF INTERPRETATIONS IS USEFUL. ERRORS ARISING FROM AMBIGUOUS WORDS.

CHAPTER 13. HOW FAULTY INTERPRETATIONS CAN BE EMENDED.

CHAPTER 14. HOW THE MEANING OF UNKNOWN WORDS AND IDIOMS IS TO BE DISCOVERED.

CHAPTER 15 AMONG VERSIONS A PREFERENCE IS GIVEN TO THE SEPTUAGINT AND THE ITALA.

CHAPTER 16. THE KNOWLEDGE BOTH OF LANGUAGE AND THINGS IS HELPFUL FOR THE UNDERSTANDING OF FIGURATIVE EXPRESSIONS.

CHAPTER 17. ORIGIN OF THE LEGEND OF THE NINE MUSES.

CHAPTER 18. NO HELP IS TO BE DESPISED, EVEN THOUGH IT COME FROM A PROFANE SOURCE.

CHAPTER 19. TWO KINDS OF HEATHEN KNOWLEDGE.

CHAPTER 20. THE SUPERSTITIOUS NATURE OF HUMAN INSTITUTIONS.

CHAPTER 21. SUPERSTITION OF ASTROLOGERS.

CHAPTER 22. THE FOLLY OF OBSERVING THE STARS IN ORDER TO PREDICT THE EVENTS OF A LIFE.

CHAPTER 23. WHY WE REPUDIATE ARTS OF DIVINATION.

CHAPTER 24. THE INTERCOURSE AND AGREEMENT WITH DEMONS WHICH SUPERSTITIOUS OBSERVANCES MAINTAIN.

CHAPTER 25. IN HUMAN INSTITUTIONS WHICH ARE NOT SUPERSTITIOUS, THERE ARE SOME THINGS SUPERFLUOUS AND SOME CONVENIENT AND NECESSARY.

CHAPTER 26. WHAT HUMAN CONTRIVANCES WE ARE TO ADOPT, AND WHAT WE ARE TO AVOID.

CHAPTER 27. SOME DEPARTMENTS OF KNOWLEDGE, NOT OF MERE HUMAN INVENTION, AID US IN INTERPRETING SCRIPTURE.

CHAPTER 28. TO WHAT EXTENT HISTORY IS AN AID.

CHAPTER 29. TO WHAT EXTENT NATURAL SCIENCE IS AN EXEGETICAL AID.

CHAPTER 30. WHAT THE MECHANICAL ARTS CONTRIBUTE TO EXEGETICS.

CHAPTER 31. USE OF DIALECTICS. OF FALLACIES.

CHAPTER 32. VALID LOGICAL SEQUENCE IS NOT DEVISED BUT ONLY OBSERVED BY MAN.

CHAPTER 33. FALSE INFERENCES MAY BE DRAWN FROM VALID REASONINGS, AND VICE VERSA.

CHAPTER 34. IT IS ONE THING TO KNOW THE LAWS OF INFERENCE, ANOTHER TO KNOW THE TRUTH OF OPINIONS.

CHAPTER 35. THE SCIENCE OF DEFINITION IS NOT FALSE, THOUGH IT MAY BE APPLIED TO FALSITIES.

CHAPTER 36. THE RULES OF ELOQUENCE ARE TRUE, THOUGH SOMETIMES USED TO PERSUADE MEN OF WHAT IS FALSE.

CHAPTER 37. USE OF RHETORIC AND DIALECTIC.

CHAPTER 38. THE SCIENCE OF NUMBERS NOT CREATED, BUT ONLY DISCOVERED, BY MAN.

CHAPTER 39. TO WHICH OF THE ABOVE-MENTIONED STUDIES ATTENTION SHOULD BE GIVEN, AND IN WHAT SPIRIT.

CHAPTER 40. WHATEVER HAS BEEN RIGHTLY SAID BY THE HEATHEN, WE MUST APPROPRIATE TO OUR USES.

CHAPTER 41. WHAT KIND OF SPIRIT IS REQUIRED FOR THE STUDY OF HOLY SCRIPTURE.